The history of Heinfels Castle

On Heinfels, walls and towers connect in a unique way with the inhabitants of times long past. In 1210 the highest tower was built on the rock and marked a new reign. After the residential wing and curtain wall, the castle chapel was built in 1280. The castle was now owned by the once powerful Counts of Gorizia.

 

The young Count brothers Johann and Leonhard continued to expand Heinfels and in 1460 chose the fortress as their residence. After the Gorizia Counts died out, the future Emperor Maximilian I of Habsburg also inherited the mighty castle and stayed here several times. In 1525 Heinfels was stormed and occupied by its own subjects in the course of the Peasant Wars. Heinfels was home to the princely armoury, the tax registers, sacred treasures and dungeons. Famous prisoners of Heinfels were the Christian reformer Jakob Hutter and the couple accused of sorcery, Thurn Urban and Ursula. Unique are the storm piles on the curtain wall from 1620, which were supposed to prevent the construction of ladders and storming. However, it was not the external enemy that brought Heinfels down, but the futility and vacancy of the venerable walls. In 1917, 1928 and 1932 the core castle collapsed and Heinfels fell to ruin. From 2016 to 2020, Heinfels was restored and made accessible to the public to fill visitors surrounded by stone witnesses with history!

 

Heinfels Castle building plan.
The oldest parts are the keep, palas, and the tower of the former Count (before and around 1300, green). The western wing hails back to around 1500.

Heinfels Castle, and the eponymous district court, were built on the territory of the Prince-Bishopric of Freising, Innichen. In 1239, Otto Welf, from the House of Welfsberg, starts calling himself ‘de Hunenvelse’ (he who comes from Heinfels). The castle was first named in 1288 and the original building hails back to the last quarter of the 13th Century, and is composed by the keep, jutting out from the highest point of the rock on which the castle is perched, the palas built to the west of the structure and the castle walls stretching out to the west. Back in the 13th century, Heinfels was transferred to the House of Görz and, in 1271, Count Meinhard II of Tyrol decided to keep it for himself, going against the agreement concerning the division of the family goods he had stipulated with his brother Albert. It was only in 1275 that Meinhard gave the castle to his brother, Albert II of Görz. Heinfels was the most important hub in County Görz in the Pustertal valley until the Görz line died out. In the past, a square tower used to rise to the east of the castle structure (today it has been incorporated into the western walls). This tower was the former residence of the Count of the castle who acted as trustee of the property. The castle chapel, dedicated to Saint Laurentius, contains remains of frescoes hailing back to the Late Roman and Gothic period, and was consecrated a second time in 1331. Around 1400, an imposing, three-story hall - a new living area- was erected to the west across the ruins of the old castle walls. It still dominates the western side of the castle structure to this very day. Still in the possession of the Görz family, the castle was fortified at the end of the 15th century with an extended wall and round corner towers.

Paper drawing Heinfels Castle
Heinfels Castle, ca. 1800, paper drawing, allegedly by Ignaz Mathias Paprion, 1752 – 1812 (Parish priest and local historian), parochial archives of Sillian.

After the Görz dynasty died out around 1500, Heinfels and the whole county went to Emperor Maximilian I. Between 1654 and 1783, the castle went to the Royal Convent in Hall, then became state property. In 1833, the castle was transferred to those 18 municipalities that resided in the former county of Heinfels. It was used to shelter the poor and homeless. Between 1880 and 1910, the castle was used as a military barracks. The market town of Sillian became the sole owner of the castle in 1936, making it into a private property.

Postcard Heinfels Castle
A postcard from around 1902 shows the palas standing in all its glory. The structure collapsed in 1932.

During the 18th century the castle slowly started falling in disrepair. The ceiling of the palas collapsed in 1917; the tower ceiling followed next in 1928; the western wall of the palas crumbled to bits in 1932. From this moment on, regular redevelopment work is carried out and, since the 90s, has included securing the building stock as well as a partial restoration of individual parts of the structure to their original glory.

Heinfels castle to the west
The castle to the west, with its western wing, keep (‘Hunnenturm’) and wall remains from the collapsed palas.

In 2007, the Loacker company, in agreement with the communities of Heinfels and Sillian, acquired Heinfels Castle with the intention of revitalising the site. The main objective was to make the castle accessible to the public again and to make it a centre of public life in Alta Pusteria, especially in terms of culture and tourism. The aim is a mixed public and private, gastronomic use. In order to achieve this, the first step was to carry out a sustainable, fundamental renovation of the castle as a matter of great urgency in order to prevent further decay of the castle complex and to preserve it for future generations as a castle complex that is visible from afar and filled with life.

From 2016 to 2020 the extensive restoration of Heinfels Castle and the establishment of a museum took place. All of this was only possible thanks to a joint and coordinated effort on the part of the Museum Association Burg Heinfels, the State of Tyrol, the Federal Office for the Protection of Monuments, the communities of Alta Pusteria, the Loacker company, but also the local population and economy.

THE ASSOCIATION

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The executive board of the association Museumsverein Burg Heinfels

The founding members are the municipalities of the Osttiroler Oberlandes Heinfels, Sillian, Außervillgraten, Innervillgraten, Kartitsch, Untertilliach, Obertilliach, Abfaltersbach, Strassen as well as the Loacker family: The aim is to create a possibly far-reaching, cross-border membership base with a strong focus on culture, the economy, tourism, politics, and open partnerships. Natural and legal persons as well as partnerships can become members of the association.

Ours is a non-profit association and our aims are to carry out ideal projects without a financial return. According to the statues, the aim of the association is to:

  • Revitalise and maintain the cultural heritage that is Heinfels Castle
  • Incentivise cultural aims as well as projects and partnerships focusing on culture and the preservation of historical monuments
  • Plan and implement cultural events
  • Carry out scientific research and documentation, as well as developing our public relations endeavours
  • Preserve the historical function of the castle together with our partner region, South Tyrol, and the other member states of the European Union.
  • Build a library and a painting gallery.
The joint goals of the Museumsverein Burg Heinfels (which oversees its open use) and Loacker (which oversees its private-sector use) are to liven up and redevelop this historic castle. Beside the open and private-sector use, Heinfels Castle will also be open for tourist, cultural and private events.

Organisation of the association

Vereinsstruktur Organigramm



How can I support the association?

1) Become a member

Registrations in the Registry Office in Heinfels • Yearly membership fee: € 40

2) Donations

The Museumsverein Burg Heinfels is recognised as a tax-free association. Therefore, 10% of the profits of a company and 10% of sales for private individuals can be declared as tax-deductible.

3) Advertisement subsidy

The association will list its sponsors on its own homepage and the Castle Heinfels website with their name and logo.

 

Bank coordinates: Raiffeisenbank Sillian   IBAN: AT32 3636 8000 0009 9499    BIC: RZTIAT22368

 

 

Membership

Support our association and become a member. Just fill in this form – we’ll get back to you right away
 
Membership

PRESS

Pressespiegel

The following royalty-free material can be downloaded in print-ready resolution for your press releases.
Credits: Peter Leiter/Museumsverein Burg Heinfels

Press review PDF
"Forschungsergebnisse zu den ersten Heinfelsern", Pustertaler Volltreffer, Dezember 2019/Jänner 2020 PDF
"Die Burg wurde funktionslos", Pustertaler Volltreffer, November/Dezember 2019 PDF
"Wasserversorgung als große Herausforderung", Pustertaler Volltreffer, Oktober/November 2019 PDF
"Das einzige Objekt ist die Burg", Tiroler Tageszeitung, 30. 8. 2019 PDF
"Die Burg Heinfels gibt große Rätsel auf", Osttiroler Bote, 15. 8. 2019 PDF
"Wegen Trockenheit und Unwetter ermordet", Pustertaler Volltreffer, Juni/Juli 2019 PDF
"Die Landbevölkerung 'heizte' ordentlich ein", Pustertaler Volltreffer, Mai 2019 PDF
"Das Wunder rund um die versuchte Hinrichtung", Pustertaler Volltreffer, April/Mai 2019 PDF
"Wie aus der Ruine ein Museum wird", Kleine Zeitung, 20. 4. 2019 PDF
"Die Kapelle war nicht immer das Herz der Burg", Pustertaler Volltreffer, Jänner 2019 PDF
"Hutterer-Flucht aus dem Schlosskerker, Pustertaler Volltreffer, Dezember 2018 PDF
"Burg Heinfels als Lockmittel?", Pustertaler Volltreffer, November 2018 PDF
"Die enorm selbstbewusste Katharina von Garai", Pustertaler Volltreffer, Oktober 2018 PDF
"Tag des Denkmals: Burg Heinfels öffnet die Tore", osttirol-online.at, 4. 10. 2018 >>>
"Heinfels auf einem guten Weg", Osttiroler Bote, 4. 10. 2018 PDF
"Besucher nahmen mehr als eine Stunde Wartezeit in Kauf", kleinezeitung.at, 2. 10. 2018 PDF
"Ansturm auf die Burg Heinfels am Tag des Denkmals", Bezirksblätter, meinbezirk.at, 2. 10. 2018 >>>
"Tag des Denkmals: Ansturm auf die Burg Heinfels", osttirol-heute.at, 1. 10. 2018 >>>
"Tag des Denkmals: Ansturm auf die Burg Heinfels", dolomitenstadt.at, 1. 10. 2018 >>>
"Ansturm aus allen Richtungen", Cartoon Osttiroler Bote, 27. 9. 2018 PDF
"Burg Heinfels öffnet die Tore", Osttiroler Bote, 27. 9. 2018 PDF
"Burg Heinfels öffnet für Besucher die Tore", Tiroler Tageszeitung, 22. 9. 2018 PDF
"Von Burg Heinfels prangt eine neue Nase", Osttiroler Bote, 20. 9. 2018 PDF
"Spannende Einblicke am Tag des Denkmals", Pustertaler Volltreffer, 13. 9. 2018 PDF
"Grenzüberschreitendes Mauern auf Burg Heinfels", Tiroler Tageszeitung, 2. 5. 2018 PDF
"Historisches Maurerwissen auf Burg Heinfels, dolomitenstadt.at, 30. 4.2018 >>>
"In Heinfels wurde historischer Mauerbau erlernt", Kleine Zeitung, 1. 5. 2018 PDF
"Maurerworkshop auf Burg Heinfels, Osttiroler Bote, 3. 5. 2018 PDF
"Gräberfeld auf Burg Heinfels entdeckt", Osttiroler Bote, 16. 11. 2017 PDF
"Sensationsfund auf Burg Heinfels", tirol.orf.at, 14. 11. 2017 >>>
"Sensationsfund bei Ausgrabungen auf Burg Heinfels", dolomitenstadt.at, 14. 11. 2017 >>>
"Burg Heinfels: Archäologen entdeckten Gräberfeld", osttirol-heute.at, 14. 11. 2017 >>>
"Burgareal gab Gräber frei", Kleine Zeitung, 14. 11. 2017 PDF
"Burg wird zum Pustertaler Kleinod", Tiroler Tageszeitung, 21. 7. 2017 PDF
"Sanierung von Burg Heinfels in vollem Gange", osttirol-heute.at, 21. 7. 2017 >>>
"Burg Heinfels wird an 365 Tagen bespielt werden", dolomitenstadt.at, 21. 7. 2017 >>>
"Burg verzichtet auf Romantik", 21. 7. 2017 PDF
"Marode Mauern werden neu belebt", Bezirksblätter, 21. 7. 2017 >>>
"Riesenkran für die Sanierung der Burg", Kleine Zeitung, 31. 5. 2017 PDF
"Schüler erlernen Maurerhandwerk", Tiroler Tageszeitung, 17. 5. 2017 PDF
"Spatenstich zur Sanierung von Burg Heinfels", Osttiroler Bote, S. 2., 22. 9. 2016 PDF
"Burg Heinfels wird auch Hotelzimmer bekommen", Tiroler Tageszeitung, 19. 9. 2016 PDF
"Spatenstich: Die Bauarbeiten auf Burg Heinfels haben begonnen", kleine.at, 17. 9. 2016 PDF
"Startschuss für Sanierung von Burg Heinfels", osttirol-heute.at, 17. 9. 2016 >>>
"Burgruine soll 2019 fix und fertig saniert sein" - Kleine Zeitung, 1. 5. 2016 PDF
"Sanierung von Burg Heinfels startet im Sommer 2016" - Medieninfo Land Tirol, 11. 4. 2016 PDF
"Der Burg wird wieder Leben eingehaucht" - Pustertaler Volltreffer, Dezember 2015/Jänner 2016, S. 8 PDF
"Burg Heinfels soll 2017 neu eröffnet werden" - Tiroler Tageszeitung, 20. 11. 2015, S. 45, Lokalteil Osttirol PDF
"Sanierung von Burg Heinfels startet 2016" - dolomitenstadt. at, 19. 9. 2015 PDF
"Für Burg Heinfels fällt der Startschuss" - Osttiroler Bote, 19. 11. 2015, S. 7 PDF
"Sanierungs-Arbeiten auf der Burg Heinfels starten 2016" - kleine.at, 23. Juli 2015 PDF
"Erlebnis Burg Heinfels soll Geschichte(n) erzählen" - osttirol-heute.at, 22. Juli 2015 PDF
"Heinfels peilt 70.000 Gäste an" - Tiroler Tageszeitung, 18. Juni 2015, S. 37 Lokalteil Osttirol PDF
„Finanzierung soll bis Herbst ‚dingfest‘ gemacht werden“ – Pustertaler Volltreffer, Mai/Juni 2015, S. 22 PDF
„Neues Leben in der Burg Heinfels“ – Osttirol Journal, 21.09.2014 PDF
„Museumsverein renoviert Burg Heinfels“ – Osttiroler Bote, 11.09.2014, S. 52 PDF
Neuer Museumsverein will Burg Heinfels instand setzen“ – osttirol-heute.at, 08.09.2014 PDF
„Burg Heinfels soll wieder leben“ – dolomitenstadt.at, 08.09.2014 PDF
„Vom Sperrgebiet zum Kulturmagnet“ – tt.com, 08.09.2014 PDF
„Grundsatzbeschluss Landesgedächtnisstiftung zur Sanierung Burg Heinfels in Osttirol“ - PA Land Tirol, 22.04.2013 PDF
„Großes Interesse an Burg Heinfels bei den Osttirolern“ – TT, 28.09.2010, Lokalteil Osttirol, S. 29 PDF

 

Press material IMAGES
Logo Museumsverein Burg Heinfels JPG, 300 dpi
Heinfels Castle, June 2020
Photo: Alexander Zeidler/Museumsverein Burg Heinfels
JPG, 300 dpi
Heinfels Castle, April 2016
Photo: Alexander Zeidler/Museumsverein Burg Heinfels
JPG, 300 dpi
A view of Heinfels Castle from the west JPG, 300 dpi
St. Peter and Paul church and Heinfels castle JPG, 300 dpi
View over the western wall of the palas,
collapsed in 1932, against the backdrop of the ‘Hunnenturm’ (keep),
the ‘Küchenturm’ to the left, and the ‘Treppenturm’ to the right
JPG, 300 dpi
View over the western wall of the palas, crumbled in 1932,
against the backdrop of the ‘Hunnenturm’ (keep)

JPG, 300 dpi
West wing with arches - leading to different floors JPG, 300 dpi
View across the collapsed palas and ‘Hunnenturm’ (keep),
the ‘Küchenturm’ to the right, and the southern wing to the left
JPG, 300 dpi
View of the keep (‘Hunnenturm’) and southern wing JPG, 300 dpi
Heinfels Castle from the east JPG, 300 dpi
Old views from the south, postcard from 1902
(Leiter-Asthof archive)
JPG, 300 dpi

 

DONATIONS

Make a mark!

Your donation for Heinfels Castle.

 

Many thanks to the donors:

GOLD

Hermann Nagel - Oberderdingen
Familie Li-Resinger - Innsbruck
Gemeinde Oberderdingen
Einrichtungshaus Aichner - Heinfels
Landtechnik Wiedemayr GmbH - Heinfels

SILVER

Leckfeldhütte, Philipp Rainer-Pranter
Philomena und Johann Huber - Heinfels
Michael Masini - Heinfels

BRONZE

Hubert, Anton, Peter, Hannes, Robert Stallbaumer - Heinfels/Wien
Sägewerk Anether - Lavant
Mathilde und Reinhold Habernig - Leisach
Ute Antoni - Oberderdingen
Schützenkompanie Sillian
Jakob Schranzhofer - Sillian
Riccardo Ossena - Venezia
Herta Stark - Finkenstein
Ruth und Jürgen Treffinger - Oberderdingen
Daniela Steidl - Heinfels/St. Johann i. T.
Anton Walder - Wattens

STEP SOUTH STAIRS

Michaela und Volker Malchus - Kartitsch
Fam. Webhofer - Gratzhof, Sillian
Fam. Trojer - Gschwendtstocker, Heinfels
Fam. Aichner - Heinfels
Fam. Wiedemayr - Heinfels

Support the project Heinfels Castle and donate a building block!

For several centuries Heinfels Castle was exposed to decay. The owners, the communities, the state and the federation, with the support of the region and the population, now want to close the castle and give the "Queen of the Puster Valley" a new lease of life.

 

The names of the donors are visibly engraved in gold, silver or bronze in the museum shop, staircases or entrances to the castle. In addition, donors receive a duplicate and a donation receipt in the form of a donation certificate.

Yes, I support the Heinfels Castle project:
I want my donation to be tax deductible*
Name mention on website desired?*
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Premium Partner 2017 - 2022

Loacker Premium Partner02Raiffeisenbank sillian premium partner04Loacker Premium Partner04

 

Public Partners

Land TirolLandesgedächtnisstiftung TirolBundesdenkmalamt

Gemeinde HeinfelsMarktgemeinde SillianGemeinde AbfaltersbachGemeinde AußervillgratenGemeinde Innervillgraten

Gemeinde KartitschGemeinde ObertilliachGemeinde StrassenGemeinde Untertilliachgemeinde anras


        

Leader Projekt Burg Heinfels: Entwicklung museales Konzept

Entwicklung eines musealen Basiskonzepts mit realisierbaren Inhalten aus vorhandenen Ideen und neuen kreativen Ansätzen.
Umsetzung in Visualisierungskonzepte und didaktische Vorgaben für die bauliche Umsetzung.

www.rmo.at            www.leader.at

 

Für das Interreg V A - Projekt Türme und Burgen
Für das Interreg V A - Projekt Kulturelle Aufwertung der Kirche S. Margeritha in Vigo und der Kapelle S. Laurentius von Burg Heinfels


Interreg V-A Italia-Österreich ITAT 2002
Interreg V-A Italia-Österreich ITAT 4018